An article that provides information about the chemical exposures. Chemical exposure occurs in only four ways. These exposure types are often called chemical "routes of entry" into the body. A thorough understanding of these four types of exposure is vital to handling chemicals safely. Hazardous chemicals can be handled safely by preventing or blocking these four types of exposure.
An article that discusses about the acute and chronic hazards of hazardous materials.
An article about the hazards from hazardous materials.
An article that discusses the main routes of exposures to hazards. There are four main routes of exposure by which chemicals can contact and/or enter our bodies. Many chemicals can cause direct effects at the point of contact, such as irritation of the skin, eyes,mouth or nose.
An article that provides information about the different ways chemicals can enter the body. Route of exposure describes the way the chemical enters the body. Chemicals may have serious effects by one route, and minimal effects by another.
An article about the main routes of exposures, most toxic routes of exposures, the effect of multiple types of exposures and the effect of chemical mixtures.
1-page PDF document. Pamphlet on routes of exposure.
10-page Word document. Instructor's guide for HAZMAT protection based on the book Firefighter's Handbook.
This document discusses the exposure limits for carbon dioxide gas (CO2).